Pure Know-How
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AJAX progress indicator
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  • k

  • KPI
    Acronym for Key Performance Indicator. See Leading Indicators for more information. - Read More
  • KRI
    Acronym for Key Result Indicator. See Lagging Indicators for more information. - Read More
  • Kruskal-Wallis Test
    The Kruskal-Wallis test is a nonparametric test comparing the medians of independent random samples from two or more populations. It works when the Y variable is continuous,(...) - Read More
  • l

  • Lean
    Lean means achieving Flow through waste elimination and follows the principles: 1. Specify value in the eyes of the customer 2. Identify value stream and eliminate waste 3.(...) - Read More
  • Lean Six Sigma
    Lean Six Sigma uses the synergy of Lean and Six Sigma tools to both - eliminate root causes (Six Sigma) - eliminate non-value added steps (Lean) - Read More
  • m

  • Measure Phase
    In the second phase of a DMAIC project, Measure, you want to collect data and determine the baseline/current process performance. Following the Lean route requires to determine the(...) - Read More
  • Measurement error
    Measurement errors for continous data comprise calibration issues and Gage R&R issues which can be detected when performing a mesurement system analysis. Calibration issue: (...) - Read More
  • Morphological Chart
    The morphological chart is based on an analysis approach: the problem is divided into smaller units. For each subproblem potential subsolutions are developed, which are combined to create(...) - Read More
  • n

  • Net Operating Time
    Net Operating Time = Total Operating Time - Not Scheduled operating time Not Scheduled times, e.g. due to - breaks & meetings - preventive maintenance - working only in 1(...) - Read More
  • Non-Value Added Costs
    Costs of using resources beyond what is needed to meet customer requirements. E.g. costs of - overproduction - waiting - transportation - over-processing - inventory (...) - Read More
  • Nonparametric test
    Nonparametric tests imply that there is no assumption of a specific distribution (whereas the so-called parametric Hypothesis Tests as t-Test, ANOVA, etc., assume that the data are a(...) - Read More
  • np-chart
    The np-chart is a type of Control Chart which is used to monitor a process over time and to distinguish between common and special cause variation - for discrete attribute data -(...) - Read More
  • o

  • OEE (Overall Equipment Efficiency)
    OEE (Overall Equipment Efficiency) is a Lean Metric comparing the potential machine performance to the actual performance. Depending on the calculation of the machine availability, OEE1 and(...) - Read More
  • Operational Excellence (OPEX)
    Operational Excellence (OPEX) - is a collection of activities, tools and principles for process improvement - is an integrated approach for business improvement - is a vehicle(...) - Read More
  • Order Lead Time (OLT)
    Order Lead Time (OLT) is a Lean Metric used to describe the elapsed time from order entry to order delivery (of product or service; “Ride the order”). Work with the Order Lead(...) - Read More
  • OTIF (On Time, In Full)
    OTIF (On Time, In Full) is a Lean Metric describing the the success of delivering exactly what the customer ordered, at the time it was supposed to be delivered. Work with OTIF to (...) - Read More
  • p

  • p-chart
    The p-chart is a type of Control Chart which is used to monitor a process over time and to distinguish between common and special cause variation - for discrete attribute data -(...) - Read More
  • PDCA (Plan Do Check Act)
    PDCA - is the acronym for the phases of a continuous improvement cycle: Plan-Do-Check-Act        - Plan: what should be done and how to do it        - Do:  what was planned (...) - Read More
  • Pie Chart
    Pie charts help show the relationship of a part to the whole. A pie chart can be used to visualize cause-effect relationships between a discrete X and a discrete Y.  - Read More
  • Poka Yoke
    - Poka-Yoke is Japanese for mistake-proofing – creating mechanisms to prevent defects and errors or making them obvious - Poka-Yoke devices make it harder to create the error or make(...) - Read More